PT Classroom - A Review of Ankle Joint Mobilization Techniques ׀ by Chai Rasavong, MPT, MBA
An ankle injury is quite commonly treated by a physical therapist. As a result of an injury, inflammation and tissue damage may occur at the ankle which may restrict range of motion and result in deficits to strength, stability, proprioception/somatosensory, flexibility, gait and function. Should immobilization of the ankle be required, further range of motion limitations and deficits may occur. If not corrected, this limited range of motion will disturb normal joint arthrokinematics and could affect a patient’s performance (1).
leg/ankle/foot is composed of the tibia and fibula along with 26
bones in the foot. The ankle joint (talocrural joint) is shaped like
a mortise and consists of a bony fit between the talus and the tibia
proximally and medially and the talus and the fibula laterally (2).
The distal tibia and fibula are concave and sit on top of the convex
The ankle joint is a synovial hinge joint with a joint capsule and
associated ligaments, and is generally considered to have a single
oblique axis with 1° of freedom: dorsiflexion/plantarflexion (3).
(image work of the United States Federal
Last revised: June 7, 2009